为全球卫星导航带来福音:北斗卫星全球组网全面完成

Bringing good news to global satellite navigation: Beidou Satellite Global Network is fully completed

Source: One Money.com

On the 23rd, beidou 3 Global Satellite Navigation System constellation deployment was fully completed. This self-built, independently operated global Satellite Navigation system will provide all-weather, all-day, high-precision positioning, navigation and timing services for users around the world. According to statistics, the total output value of China’s satellite navigation and location services industry reached 345 billion yuan in 2019. With Beidou Satellite‘s global network, how will Beidou drive change in production patterns and business model innovation? What are the benefits to people’s lives?

More than 70% of Chinese smartphones already have Beidou services

“High on” Beidou navigation, has unknowingly “flying into the ordinary people’s homes.” According to Yang Changfeng, chief designer of Beidou Satellite Navigation System Engineering, “More than 70% of the smartphones that are connected to the Internet in China already offer Beidou services.” ”

If you pay close attention, in fact, it is not difficult to find that the sky’s Beidou is not only connected to mobile phones, many parts of our daily lives have it accompanied. Since China launched its first Beidou navigation test satellite in 2000, after 20 years of construction and development, Beidou System has been widely used in various fields of national economy and people’s livelihood.

When you’re still fretting about not being able to find a shared bike or aren’t sure where to park, beidou Satellite’s location service is already helping you. Hello travel data algorithm chief scientist Liu Xingliang told reporters that at present, more than 360 cities across the country’s Hello bike has been fully adapted to Beidou. The smart lock of each Hello bike contains a Beidou positioning device, which receives beidou satellite signals and sends vehicle positioning information to the Hello data center.

In the future, with the completion of Beidou Global System, “China Beidou” will further benefit the world, will also have a broader and deeper impact on people’s lives.

The person in charge of the China Satellite Navigation System Management Office said that the development prospects of the mass service of Beidou system are broad. Beidou-based navigation services have been adopted by e-commerce, mobile smart terminal manufacturing, location services and other manufacturers, widely into China’s mass consumption, sharing economy and people’s livelihood, profoundly changing people’s production and lifestyle.

In the field of e-commerce, a number of domestic e-commerce enterprises logistics trucks and distribution staff, the application of Beidou car terminals and bracelets, to achieve real-time scheduling of car, people, cargo information, in the field of intelligent wear, a number of watches, bracelets and other smart wearables to support Beidou system, as well as student cards, old people cards and other special groups of care products continue to emerge, has been widely used.

The total output value reached 345 billion yuan, the sales of basic products exceeded 100 million pieces

According to statistics, the total output value of China’s satellite navigation and location services industry in 2019 reached 345 billion yuan. Beidou and the Internet, big data, artificial intelligence and other new technologies, is building a new industry ecological chain with Beidou space-time information as the main content, and is becoming a new engine and booster of Beidou industry rapid development, driving the production lifestyle changes and business model innovation.

After years of development, Beidou has formed a complete industrial chain, Beidou basic products have achieved independent control, domestic Beidou chips, modules and other key technologies to break through, performance indicators and similar products in the international equivalent. A number of Beidou chips to achieve large-scale applications, the process level of 22 nanometers.

By the end of 2019, domestic Sales of Beidou navigation chips, modules and other basic products have exceeded 100 million pieces, domestic high-precision board and antenna sales accounted for 30% and 90% of the domestic market, respectively.

China Aerospace Science and Technology Group-owned Aerospace Systems Corporation relies on high-precision satellite positioning timing technology with independent intellectual property rights and high-precision multimode satellite navigation chips developed independently to provide high-precision positioning timing technology products and service solutions for telecommunications equipment manufacturers, infrastructure management departments, banks and financial enterprises.

The company has developed more than 10 generations of Beidou multimode navigation chip 6 generations, forming a high-precision timing, differential positioning and combination navigation and other diversified product profiles, has been applied to transportation, logistics, justice, public security and many other fields, annual shipments of more than 2 million pieces.

The economic and social benefits of Beidou system are remarkable

Small to a hard hat, big to transportation, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishing… Since beidou system provides services, it has been widely used in transportation, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, hydrological monitoring, meteorological survey, communication time control, power dispatch, disaster relief and mitigation, public safety and other fields, resulting in significant economic and social benefits.

In Xiamen, Fujian 220kv Lilin substation construction site, reporters saw that the field staff wearing hard hats and different from the past, under the cap eaves many small buttons, which is integrated with Beidou high-precision timing positioning module hard hat. Beidou’s high-precision timing positioning modules give a number of traditional safety tools, including hard hats, a powerful feature.

Staff introduction, hard hat also integrated including a one-click photo real-time upload function, so that the background security supervisors first understand the site construction situation, as well as emergency automatic alarm, one-click rescue, lighting and many other practical security features.

In addition, China’s power grid equipment is widely distributed, many power facilities are in the non-communication public network areas, power grid company front-line employees in these areas to carry out power grid construction or inspection operations, often lack of effective means of communication with the rear personnel to contact.

With Beidou satellite system, power grid company employees in the area without communications public network operations, only need to carry a small “short message communication terminal”, through Bluetooth and mobile phone connection, you can let ordinary mobile phones have the ability to send Beidou short messages, the scene and location information sent to the rear personnel’s mobile phone.

In transportation, Beidou system is widely used in key transportation process monitoring, highway infrastructure safety monitoring, port high-precision real-time positioning and dispatch monitoring and other fields. By the end of 2019, more than 6.5 million operating vehicles, 30,000 postal and courier vehicles, about 80,000 buses, more than 3,200 inland navigation facilities and more than 2,900 maritime navigation facilities in 36 central cities have been used in Beidou system.

In agriculture, forestry and fisheries, the agricultural machinery operation supervision platform based on Beidou to achieve remote management and precision operation of agricultural machinery, service agricultural machinery and equipment more than 50,000 units, fine agricultural production increased by 5%, agricultural machinery fuel consumption savings of 10%.

From “dream in sight” to “dream in hand”, today’s Beidou has completed the “three-step” strategy. By 2035, with Beidou system as the core, China will also build and improve a more general, more integrated, more intelligent national integrated positioning navigation and timing system.

23日,北斗三号全球卫星导航系统星座部署全面完成。这一由我国自主建设、独立运行的全球卫星导航系统,将为全球用户提供全天候、全天时、高精度的定位、导航和授时服务。据统计,2019年我国卫星导航与位置服务产业总体产值达到3450亿元。随着北斗卫星的全球组网,“北斗”将如何推动生产方式变革和商业模式创新?又会为人们的生活带来哪些便利?

70%以上中国智能手机已有北斗服务

“高大上”的北斗导航,已经不知不觉“飞入寻常百姓家”。据北斗卫星导航系统工程总设计师杨长风透露:“在中国入网的智能手机里面,已经有70%以上的手机提供了北斗服务。”

如果仔细留意,其实不难发现,天上的北斗不仅与手机相连,我们日常生活很多地方都有它相伴。自2000年我国发射第一颗北斗导航试验卫星以来,历经20年建设发展,北斗系统已经广泛应用于国计民生各个领域。

当你还在为找不到共享单车或不确定哪里能停车而烦心,北斗卫星提供的定位服务已经在帮你。哈啰出行数据算法首席科学家刘行亮告诉记者,目前,全国超过360座城市的哈啰单车已全线适配北斗。每辆哈啰单车的智能锁内均包含北斗定位装置,智能锁接收北斗卫星信号,向哈啰数据中心发送车辆定位信息。

未来,随着北斗全球系统建成,“中国北斗”将进一步造福全球,也将更加广泛而深刻地影响人们的生活。

中国卫星导航系统管理办公室有关负责人介绍,北斗系统大众服务发展前景广阔。基于北斗的导航服务已被电子商务、移动智能终端制造、位置服务等厂商采用,广泛进入中国大众消费、共享经济和民生领域,深刻改变着人们的生产生活方式。

在电子商务领域,国内多家电子商务企业的物流货车及配送员,应用北斗车载终端和手环,实现了车、人、货信息的实时调度;在智能穿戴领域,多款支持北斗系统的手表、手环等智能穿戴设备,以及学生卡、老人卡等特殊人群关爱产品不断涌现,得到广泛应用。

总体产值达3450亿元 基础产品销量突破1亿片

据统计,2019年我国卫星导航与位置服务产业总体产值达3450亿元。北斗与互联网、大数据、人工智能等新技术的融合发展,正在构建以北斗时空信息为主要内容的新兴产业生态链,并正在成为北斗产业快速发展的新引擎和助推器,推动着生产生活方式变革和商业模式的不断创新。

经过多年发展,北斗已形成完整产业链,北斗基础产品已实现自主可控,国产北斗芯片、模块等关键技术全面突破,性能指标与国际同类产品相当。多款北斗芯片实现规模化应用,工艺水平达到22纳米。

截至2019年底,国产北斗导航型芯片、模块等基础产品销量已突破1亿片,国产高精度板卡和天线销量分别占国内市场30%和90%的份额。

中国航天科工集团所属航天系统公司依托具有自主知识产权的高精度卫星定位授时技术与自主研制的高精度多模卫星导航芯片,为电信设备制造商、基础设施管理部门、银行和金融企业等提供高精度定位授时技术产品与服务解决方案。

该公司累计开发北斗多模导航芯片6代10余款,形成了高精度授时、差分定位和组合导航等多样化产品型谱,已应用于交通、物流、司法、公安等众多领域,年出货量超200万片。

北斗系统经济效益和社会效益显著

小到一顶安全帽,大到交通运输、农林牧渔……北斗系统提供服务以来,已在交通运输、农林渔业、水文监测、气象测报、通信时统、电力调度、救灾减灾、公共安全等领域得到广泛应用,产生了显著的经济效益和社会效益。

在福建厦门220kv李林变电站建设现场,记者看到,现场工作人员戴的安全帽和以往不同,帽檐下方多了许多小按钮,这是集成了北斗高精度授时定位模组的安全帽。北斗高精度授时定位模组让包括安全帽在内的一批传统安全工具都具有了强大功能。

工作人员介绍,安全帽还集成了包括一键拍照实时上传功能,可让后台安全监督人员第一时间了解现场施工情况,还有紧急状态自动报警、一键求救、照明等许多实用的安全功能。

此外,我国电网设备分布广泛,许多电力设施都在无通信公网地区,电网公司一线员工在这些地区进行电网建设或者巡检作业时,往往缺乏有效的通信手段与后方人员取得联系。

有了北斗卫星系统,电网公司的员工在无通信公网地区作业时,只需要携带一个小小的“短报文通信终端”,通过蓝牙与手机相连后,就可以让普通的手机具备了发送北斗短报文的能力,将现场情况和位置信息发到后方人员的手机里。

在交通运输方面,北斗系统广泛应用于重点运输过程监控、公路基础设施安全监控、港口高精度实时定位调度监控等领域。截至2019年底,国内超过650万辆营运车辆、3万辆邮政和快递车辆,36个中心城市约8万辆公交车、3200余座内河导航设施、2900余座海上导航设施已应用北斗系统。

在农林渔业方面,基于北斗的农机作业监管平台实现农机远程管理与精准作业,服务农机设备超过5万台,精细农业产量提高5%,农机油耗节约10%。

从“梦想在望”变成“梦想在握”,今日之北斗已完成“三步走”的战略。到2035年,以北斗系统为核心,我国还将建设完善更加泛在、更加融合、更加智能的国家综合定位导航授时体系。

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